DataMapper


Setting up Table Prefixes

The final step of the Installation Instructions asks you to make sure you set the dbprefix in your database settings to an empty string. The reason for this is because DataMapper has its own way of managing prefixing, giving some added flexibility as well.

If you don't plan on using prefixes, go right ahead and skip to the Relationship Types section.

Prefix Settings

There's a few ways you can define your prefixes, with the use of the $prefix and $join_prefix class variables.

To make all your DataMapper models use the same prefixes, I recommend setting the prefixes in the main DataMapper model (datamapper.php), rather than setting the same prefixes in all of them. If you do this, you can still override the prefix for individual models by setting the prefix within them.

Prefix Only

Let's go with the assumption that we've set our prefix up like so, and it applies to all of our models:

var $prefix = "ci_";
var $join_prefix = "";

Using the first group of tables from the Database Tables section, those being countries, countries_users and users, this is how they would be changed to work with the above set prefix:

ci_countries

id code name
12 AM Armenia
13 AW Aruba
14 AU Australia
15 AT Austria

ci_countries_users

id country_id user_id
1 14 7
1 12 8

ci_users

id username password email
7 Foo ec773c1da6f96b0265d76fa0a53db697e66a8eea foo@bar.com
8 Baz 383f27f548397ea123ec444505ef4c7cd993dbf6 baz@qux.com

You'll notice that only the table names were affected, including the joining table's name, and that prefixing has no affect on the field names.

Both Prefixes

Let's change our prefixes so we're setting a different prefix for our joining tables:

var $prefix = "normal_";
var $join_prefix = "join_";

normal_countries

id code name
12 AM Armenia
13 AW Aruba
14 AU Australia
15 AT Austria

join_countries_users

id country_id user_id
1 14 7
1 12 8

normal_users

id username password email
7 Foo ec773c1da6f96b0265d76fa0a53db697e66a8eea foo@bar.com
8 Baz 383f27f548397ea123ec444505ef4c7cd993dbf6 baz@qux.com

Join Prefix Only

Now let's change it so we're only prefixing our joining table's, leaving our normal tables without a prefix:

var $prefix = "";
var $join_prefix = "join_";

countries

id code name
12 AM Armenia
13 AW Aruba
14 AU Australia
15 AT Austria

join_countries_users

id country_id user_id
1 14 7
1 12 8

users

id username password email
7 Foo ec773c1da6f96b0265d76fa0a53db697e66a8eea foo@bar.com
8 Baz 383f27f548397ea123ec444505ef4c7cd993dbf6 baz@qux.com

Combination Prefix

As mentioned earlier, you can set specific prefixes for individual models. If we had the following prefixes setup to apply to all of our models, by setting it in the main DataMapper model (datamapper.php):

var $prefix = "normal_";
var $join_prefix = "join_";

And then had the following in our users model:

var $prefix = "special_";

Note: All joining tables must use the same prefix, so you should not override the $join_prefix with a different value if it is already set.

The tables would end up as:

normal_countries

id code name
12 AM Armenia
13 AW Aruba
14 AU Australia
15 AT Austria

join_countries_users

id country_id user_id
1 14 7
1 12 8

special_users

id username password email
7 Foo ec773c1da6f96b0265d76fa0a53db697e66a8eea foo@bar.com
8 Baz 383f27f548397ea123ec444505ef4c7cd993dbf6 baz@qux.com